Secure regular access to raw materials
Whilst it is possible to make flour from many different types of grain, wheat is easily the most widely used. This is because of the unique properties of wheat flour which allow the production of bread and other flour-based products.
The largest single food users of domestic wheat & rye
With some 45 million tonnes of soft wheat and rye processed each year, the European Flour Millers are the largest single food users of domestic wheat in the European Union. The wheat and rye they source is mainly grown in Europe.
Milling is a continuous process that needs regular access to raw materials
Milling is a continuous process and flour mills are operating 24 hours a day. Therefore, flour millers need to secure a regular access to their raw materials in both quantity and quality. The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) sets the framework within which EU wheat producers operate and indirectly impacts the flour milling sector.
The need for a strategic vision concerning EU wheat supply in a global market
Securing regular supply of sustainable agricultural raw materials for a rising world population on limited arable land and facing the impact of climate change is one of the key challenges. There is a need for greater coherence between EU policies affecting supply and more incentives for research & innovation, but also safety nets to deal with increasingly unpredictable and extremely volatile market conditions.